At that time did Jesus go on the sabbaths through the corn, and his disciples were hungry, and they began to pluck ears, and to eat, and the Pharisees having seen, said to him, `Lo, thy disciples do that which it is not lawful to do on a sabbath.’ And he said to them, `Did ye not read what David did, when he was hungry, himself and those with him — how he went into the house of God, and the loaves of the presentation did eat, which it is not lawful to him to eat, nor to those with him, except to the priests alone?… for the son of man is lord even of the sabbath.’
What Jesus seems to be implying in this passage is that His Lordship is so grand that it’s even OVER the law. For the first listeners of Jesus and for us this is a hard teaching and causes us to question who Jesus is. If He is merely a teacher His influence must come shy of the Law of Moses that came down from God. But if Jesus is God then He this has dominion over Moses and the law. Especially since He willingly died to make recompense for all sin and sprinkled His own blood on the alter in Heaven.
Is the Law then contrary to the promises of God? May it never be! For if a law had been given which was able to impart life, then righteousness would indeed have been based on law.But the Scripture has shut up everyone under sin, so that the promise by faith in Jesus Christ might be given to those who believe.
But before faith came, we were kept in custody under the law, being shut up to the faith which was later to be revealed. Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith.But now that faith has come, we are no longer under a tutor.For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.
Paul superseded law when he says that all creatures we’re created good and that when we pray over our food in the name of Jesus that it is sanctified (1 Tim 4). What was formally strict law was made void by Christ. What use to be harmful is made inferior by Christ’s name. Also Paul says that all things we’re lawful to him, but not all things beneficial (1 Cor 10). He knew that He could do most anything that was formally unlawful, in that it no longer had power over him, but he knew that it might not be a good idea. The early apostle’s shadows would land on people and the sick would be made well, prior to that an extremely sick person would have to be quarantined away from the public.
Although some would seek to use this teaching to justify sin and possibly see this interpretation as “greasy grace”, the implications of this are huge in favor of the power of Christ OVER evil and all things in opposition to God. Cerebrally this can not be processed, as we see the religious of Jesus time wanting to kill Him over these actions. But the power of it speaks for itself.
In this passage in Matthew 12 and in 1 Samuel 21, David was walking in NT freedom and Faith. His intimate relationship with God enabled him to act ABOVE the law. He was acting in love towards his friends within a loving relationship with God.
Thus, in the NT it is ALL about being the bride, about being in relationship, about living in utter abandonment in loving, Holy, obedience to the Christ. Much less about the dead law and much more about the living law of Love- being close with Christ.
Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.
May Christ be glorified above all of who we are and who we’re not, over our murdering of Christians like Paul, and over our self righteousness that is as filthy rags.